Landelijke India Werkgroep
t.a.v. dhr. Oonk
3511 LH UTRECHT
Geachte heer Oonk,
Met mijn brief d.d. 27 januari jl. (BEB/HIB/IIB03003338) informeerde ik u over de voortgang in de behandeling van de door u gestelde vraag of het bedrijf ******** conform de OESO Richtlijnen voor Multinationale Ondernemingen handelt.
In bovengenoemde brief deelde ik u mee dat het Nationaal Contactpunt (NCP) de vraag of de Richtlijnen van toepassing zijn op een pure handelsrelatie die niet in verband staat met een investering - zoals het geval is bij de relatie tussen ******** en het Indiase Mayor - aan de OESO heeft voorgelegd. Het NCP zou de uitkomst van de discussie in de OESO afwachten alvorens te bepalen of het een verklaring met inhoudelijke aanbevelingen kan uitbrengen.
De discussie in de OESO over deze interpretatiekwestie is recent afgerond. Uit de bijgevoegde verklaring van de OESO blijkt dat de toepassing van de Richtlijnen een investeringscontext vereist.
The issue raised by the India Committee of the Netherlands (ICN) whether ******** as an importer of footballs from India behaves in conformity with the OECD Guidelines for Multinationals has led to the following conclusion by the Netherlands National Contact Point (NCP).1 The NCP found that there is no investment nexus in this specific instance. Since the application of the Guidelines Tests on the presence of an investment nexus, the Guidelines are not applicable to this specific instance. However, ******** can draw on the common values for responsible business conduct that are reflected in the Guidelines.
NCP CONCLUSION REGARDING THE SPECIFIC INSTANCE ICN-********
In June 2001, the India Committee of the Netherlands (ICN) asked the Netherlands National Contact Point (NCP) for the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises (the Guidelines) whether ********, a small importer of footballs from India, operated in conformity with Recommendation II.10 of the Guidelines.2 This Recommendation deals with relations among suppliers and other business partners. ICN asked this question, because it had reasons to assume that ******** (like Adidas, see joint statement by NCP-ICN-Adidas of 12 December 2002 on www.oesorichtlijnen.nl) neglected to encourage its Indian supplier to operate in a responsible manner in the field of employment and industrial relations (chapter 4 of the Guidelines).
During the NCP procedure, the NCP found that ******** had a trade relationship with its Indian supplier. The NCP doubted whether the Guidelines are applicable to a trade relationship that is not connected to an investment. It therefore sought the guidance of the Committee on International Investment and Multinational Enterprises (CIME) about the interpretation of the Guidelines in this particular circumstance.3 The CIME issued a statement4 that the Guidelines have been developed in the specific context of international investment by multinational enterprises and that their application rests on the presence of an investment nexus. The fact that the OECD Declaration does not provide precise definitions of international investment and multinational enterprises allows for flexibility of interpretation and adaptation to particular circumstances. In considering Recommendation II,10 and its commentary, a case-by-case approach is warranted that takes account of all factors relevant to the nature of the relationship and the degree of influence. These texts link the issue of scope to the practical ability of enterprises to influence the conduct of their business partners with whom they have an investment like relationship.
On the basis of information made available during the procedure, the NCP concludes that in this specific instance, there is no investment like relationship between ******** and its Indian supplier as described in the statement of the CIME. Consequently, the Guidelines are not applicable and therefore the NCP does not have a mandate to issue a statement on the implementation of the Guidelines in this specific instance.
In conformity with the CIME statement that the international community may continue to drawon the common values underlying the Guidelines in other contexts, such as the trade relation between ******** and its Indian supplier, the NCP has raised the awareness of ******** of the existence of these values through the Guidelines. The NCP notes with satisfaction that ******** expressed its desire not to sell any sporting goods produced with child labour. The NCP encourages ******** to take other values underpinning the Guidelines info consideration as well.
Attached: CIME statement
1 The NCP is the government body that promotes the effectiveness of the Guidelines, i.e. a set of recommendations by governments to multinational enterprises to operate in a socially responsible manner.
2 See II. General Policies, paragraph 10: Enterprises should: "Encourage, where practicable, business partners", including suppliers and sub-contractors, to apply principles of corporale conduct compatible with the Guidelines" and Commentary on General Principles, paragraph 10: "Encouraging, where practicable, compatible principles of corporale responsibility among business partners serves to combine a re-affirmation of the standards and principles embodied in the Guidelines with an acknowledgement of their importance to suppliers, contractors, subcontractors, licensees and other entities with which MNEs enjoy a working relationship. It is recognised that there are practical limitations to the ability of enterprises to influence the conduct of their business partners. The extent of these limitations depends on sectoral, enterprise and product characteristics such as the number of suppliers or other business partners, the structure and complexity of the supply chain and the market position of the enterprise vis-à-vis its suppliers or other business partners. The influence enterprises may have on their suppliers or business partners is normally restricted to the category of products or services they are sourcing, rather than to the full range of activities of suppliers or business partners. Thus, the scope for influencing business partners and the supply chain is greater in some instances than in others. Established or direct business relationships are the major object of this recommendation rather than aIl individual or ad hoc contracts or transactions that are based solely on open market operations or client relationships. In cases where direct influence of business partners is not possible, the objective could be met by means of dissemination of general policy statements of the enterprise or membership in business federations that encourage business partners to apply principles of corporate conduct compatible with the Guidelines.
3 See Procedural Guidance, 1. National Contact Points, C. Implementation in Specific Instances, paragraph 2, c): The NCP will consult with these parties and where relevant.... "seek the guidance of the CIME if it has doubt about the interpretation of the Guidelines in particular circumstances."
4 See attachment
Scope of the Guidelines
Statement by the Committee on International Investment and Multinational Enterprises of the OECD: