The Foreign Exchange of Hate
IDRF and the American Funding of Hindutva
© 2002, Sabrang Communications & Publishing Pvt. Ltd, Mumbai, India, and The South Asia Citizens Web, France
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Appendix B
The Blessed Nine! And the Sisters

B.1 The Nine Originals

As mentioned in the body of this report, the IDRF submitted an application for a tax exemption certificate to the Internal Revenue Service of the United States. The Form 1023 filed by the IDRF in 1989 identifies the following nine representative organizations that the IDRF sought to support in India:

  • Vikas Bharati (Bihar)
  • Swami Vivekananda Rural Development Society (Tamil Nadu)
  • Sewa Bharati (Delhi)
  • Jana Seva Vidya Kendra (Karnataka)
  • Vanvasi Kalyan Ashram (Madhya Pradesh)
  • Vanvasi Kalyan Ashram (Gujarat)
  • Vanvasi Kalyan Ashram (Nagar Haveli)
  • Girivasi Vanvasi Sewa Prakalp (Uttar Pradesh)
  • G. Deshpande Vanvasi Vastigrah (Maharashtra)

As detailed below, all of these organizations belong to the Sangh Parivar.

  • Vikas Bharati (Bihar). Sewa International identifies this as a Sangh organization that was created for the purpose of 'educating' tribals. On its web site, Sewa International claims that ‘The Vikas Bharati stream, which originated in the fountainhead called Sangh (italics added), has been quietly flowing towards the ocean called society, gathering many additional streams on the way.’[76]

  • Swami Vivekananda Rural Development Society (Tamil Nadu): The Sewa International identifies this as a sister organization of the VHP [77]. While the purported aim of this group also appears to be education of tribals, special emphasis appears to be placed upon teaching the tribals Hindu customs, particularly its religious festivals. [78]

  • Sewa Bharati (Delhi): Sewa Bharati is a well-known Sangh organization and is dealt with extensively in Appendix D.

  • Jana Seva Vidya Kendra (Karnataka): This is identified as an RSS-affiliated organization in the Sangh’s own literature [79]. JSVK is purportedly an education society, but it also has the dubious honor of hosting the All India Meeting of RSS officials earlier this year, where the infamous RSS resolution of ‘Godhra and After’ was passed. In this resolution, the RSS puts the entire blame of the anti-Muslim violence in Gujarat on the victimized Muslim community and issued the following warning: ‘Let the Muslims understand that their real safety lies in the goodwill of the majority.’ [80]

  • The other five: The remaining five organizations belong to the Vanvasi Kalyan Ashram (the Vanvasi Kalyan Ashram in MP, Gujarat, and Nagar Haveli; the Girivasi Vanvasi Sewa Prakalp in Uttar Pradesh and the G. Deshpande Vanvasi Vastigrah in Maharashtra). Vanvasi Kalyan Ashram is one of the major Sangh affiliated organizations active in the tribal regions in India [81]. While VKA and its affiliates claim to work for the ‘welfare’ of the tribal population, they are in fact mainly working to ‘Hinduise’ the tribals and demonize the work of Christian missionaries in tribal area

B.2 The Eight “Sisters”

A far more extensive set of linkages between the Sangh and the IDRF emerge when we examine the organizations that the IDRF identifies as its “sister organizations.” the IDRF lists nine subheadings under ‘Sister Organizations’, the ninth of which, called ‘IDRF’s affiliates in India’, is a collection of 67 other organizations. Combined with the first eight, the total number of the IDRF sisters/affiliates adds up to 75. Of these, 60 are clearly identifiable as RSS affiliates in India. The remaining fifteen organizations are not classified in this report as RSS affiliates, not because we have evidence that show that they are not, but because there is very little information available on them. It is thus possible that some, if not all fifteen, are part of the RSS as well.

In this section, the eight “sister organizations” are examined below. In the next section, a list of all 67 organizations mentioned under “IDRF’s affiliates in India” is provided along with the criteria used to judge whether they belong to the Sangh Parivar or not.

  • One Teacher Schools (Ekal Vidyalays): This is a scheme started by the VHP to indoctrinate students in remote villages (tribal villages)[82]. Different Sangh organizations have raised money for this scheme and help in the administration of the schools. Some of them are the Bharat Kalyan Pratishthan, Swami Vivekananda Rural Development Society, Friends of Tribal Society, and the Vanvasi Kalyan Ashram—all of which have been funded by the IDRF. Recently, the Ekal Vidyalay Foundation has been set up as an independent organization, but still remains under the control of Dr. B.K. Modi, the current president of the VHP-Overseas. [83]

    While the stated purpose of the schools is eradication of illiteracy in remote areas, the One Teacher Schools are heavily involved in spreading Hindutva ‘education’ with a focus on stopping conversions to Christianity and encouraging ‘reconversions’ to Hinduism. The VHP advances the doctrine that Indian society is in grave danger from Christianity, and hence it is necessary to counter the moves of missionaries to ‘save’ the nation[84]. A senior VHP functionary claims, “Ekal vidyalayas can best counter the designs of the Church because they impart education based on Hindu samskara [culture].”[85] VHP’s secretary-in-charge of Gujarat and Rajasthan, Mahendra Bhat, also asserts that Ekal Vidyalays impart the ‘Hindu way of life’ till the third class [grade] and that the focus on tribal areas is ‘necessary if we have to save the tribals from being misguided and influenced by foreign missionaries.’ [86]

  • Vikasan Foundation: This organization, started by the Hindu Seva Pratishthan and Jana Seva Vidya Kendra (both affiliated with the Sangh[87]), claims to stand for the promotion of Indian culture in India and abroad. However, like all Sangh organizations, it conflates ‘Indian’ culture with its version of ‘Hindu/Vedic’ culture, completely negating the concept of a syncretic Indian identity that has been influenced by many religions. Vikasan collects money for funding some gurukuls (Hindu religious schools, equivalent of the Islamic madrassas) in India and also organizes the Teen Hindu Heritage Camps in India for teenagers of Indian descent who have largely grown up outside the country. As the detailed program of this camp suggests[88], there is a heavy influence of the RSS organizations on the curriculum at this camp.

  • Yoga Bharati and Vivekananda Kendra Yoga Research Foundation (the latter currently goes by the name of sVYASA--Swami Vivekananda Yoga Anusandhan Samstha ): These organizations have allegedly been created to provide training in yoga. Yoga Bharati is a subsidiary of the IDRF while sVYASA is an independent organization headquartered in Bangalore. Nevertheless, these organizations work together, share instructors, advisors, and teaching material. Besides, Yoga Bharati (and the IDRF by extension) collects funds for sVYASA’s research efforts. However, as with all Sangh Parivar organizations, the yoga education is suffused with the Hindutva philosophy. Thus, Yoga Bharati invites David Frawley, a well-known Hindutva ideologue, to speak at its Bay Area event, while its Yoga Training Camp has drawn speakers from allied Sangh foundations such as Samskrit Bharati and the Hindu Swayamsevak Sangh[89].

    sVYASA, an offshoot of the Vivekananda Kendra and Rock Memorial, Kanyakumari (also of the Sangh Parivar[90]), helps organize RSS training camps in India and abroad for international audiences—camps which actively propagate Hindutva, the supremacy of Hinduism and the revisionist history of India. [91]
  • Samskrit Bharati: This organization works for the promotion of the Sanskrit language and is identified as a ‘Branch’ by the RSS[92]. According to the RSS website, “The Sangh has formed the Samskrita Bharati, which through several thousand speak Sanskrit camps have taught people to speak the ‘language of the gods’ sufficient for their daily use in just ten days.”[93]. In the US, this organization runs Sanskrit training programs and camps, where it not only imparts language training, but also a heavy dose of the Sangh ideology. It also participates in camps and functions organized by other Sangh Parivar groups in this country[94].

  • Sewa International: This organization, a member of the Sangh Parivar, is examined in some detail in Appendix C.

  • Bharat Vikas Parishad: This is also listed by the RSS as one of its branches that is designed ‘to involve entrepreneurs and well off sections of the society in National service and for protecting Bhartiya values.’[95] While their stated task, that of removing discrimination from society, is noble indeed, their methodology of bringing about this change by imposing hierarchical upper caste Hindu values speaks volumes about the reality. According to Vishwa Samvad Kendra, the public relations site of the Sangh Parivar, ‘They [Bharat Vikas Parishad] have adopted 60 seva vastis (Slums) for all round development. They organize competitions on Ramayana and Mahabharata on All Bharat basis for school children. They organize competitions for students in chorus singing of patriotic. More than one lakh students participate annually in this competition.’[96]

    The President of Bharat Vikas Parishad is Justice Rama Jois, who is actively involved in the VHP movement for rebuilding a Hindu temple at the site of the 16th century Babri Mosque in Ayodhya that the VHP had demolished in 1992. As reported in an Indian daily, “Though his formal position in the Sangh Parivar is as the president of the Bharat Vikas Parishad, an RSS frontal organisation, Mr. Jois is known more for his legal assistance in the ‘Ayodhya movement [to build the temple].’ He has even attended a meeting at the Prime Minister's house last March when Atal Behari Vajpayee held extensive consultations in an attempt to deal with the VHP-imposed deadline of ‘March 12’ [97]” [this ‘deadline’ refers to the date set by the VHP for the government to allow it to start the temple construction or to face a nationwide stir].

  • Martyrs for National Integration Fund: This is an in-house IDRF fund-raising effort to generate money for “families of security personnel, and of civilians” in order “to assist those who have suffered from the terrorist war being waged on our nation”[98] [the “terrorist war” here refers to the conflict in Kashmir, particularly along the Indian-Pakistani border].

B.3 The 67 Affiliates

On its web site, the IDRF provides links to its Indian affiliates, broken down by the state where they are located. This report uses the following criteria to determine if these affiliates can be identified as part of the Sangh Parivar:

  1. Listed by the RSS under ‘Various Branches’
  2. Listed by Sewa International as its projects in different states
  3. Any obvious affiliations with the One Teacher School scheme, the Vanvasi Kalyan Ashram or other clearly identified Sangh projects.
  4. Sharing an address with any Sangh organization.
  5. Listed in Seva Disha – RSS report on the Sangh’s sevakarya
  6. Listed in The Amrut Kumbh of Service Streams, Ekta Prakashan
    (as quoted in The Week, Feb 20, 2000

The criterion used to identify each organization listed below as belonging to or affiliated with the Sangh Parivar is specified (in parentheses). The organizations that could not be identified as part of the Sangh are italicized. Of the total 67 organizations, 52 can clearly be associated with the Sangh.

IDRF Supported Projects in Kashmir

1. Ved Mandir Saraswathi Vidya Vihar, Jammu
Sri Kumar J&K Siksha Bharati
Jain Bazar
Jammu - 180 001
Jammu & Kashmir
(Seva Disha: Regional HQ of Vidya Bharati)

2. Swami Vivekananda Medical Mission, Jammu
Swami Vivekananda Medical Mission
Ved Mandir, Amphalla Road
Jammu - 180 001
Jammu & Kashmir
Contact: Ved Prakash Gupta
(Sewa International: )

3. Bharati Vidya Mandir, Kishtwar
Bharati Vidya Mandir
Kishtwar - 182 204
Jammu & Kashmir
Contact: Ram Sewak

4. Jammu Kashmir Sahayata Samiti, Jammu
Jammu Kashmir Sahayata Samiti
Post Box No. 108, Pacca Darga
Jammu - 180 001
Contact: Vaid Vaishnav Dutt
(Sewa International: )

IDRF Supported Projects in Panjab

5. Peedit Prakalpa Sewa Samiti, Amritsar
Bazar Bikaneria, Katra Ahluvalia
Amritsar, Punjab - 143 006
Contact: Veer Sen, Secretary
(Same address as the Punjab ABVP )

IDRF Supported Projects in Arunachal Pradesh

6. Arunachal Vikas Parishad, Itanagar
P.O. Box No. 128, Bank Tinale
Itanagar - 791 111
Contact: Sri. Dwarikacharya

IDRF Supported Projects in Uttar Pradesh

7. Uttaranchal Daivi Apda Peedit Sahayata Samiti, Dehradun
Keshav Bhavan, 111 Moti Bazar
Dehradun - 248 001
Uttar Pradesh
Contact: Nityanand
(Sewa International: )

8. Manikpur Kalyan Kendra, Manikpur
Manikpur, Bandra
Uttar Pradesh

9. Shanti Sewa Ashram, Meerut
Jain Dharmarth Trust
20-B Jain Nagar
Meerut - 250 001
Uttar Pradesh
Contact: Pawan Kumar Jain

10. Girivasi Vanavasi Seva Prakalpa, Ghonawal
Ekalavya Nagar, Ghonawal - 231 210
Janpad (district), Uttar Pradesh
Correspondence Address:
A.D. Prints, New Market
Aasbharo, Varanasi, UP - 221 001
Contact: Krishna Kishore Mehra, President
(VHP org: )

11. Saraswathi Shiksha Mandir, Village Nagauri
Village Nagauri, Post Flavda, Dist Meerut
Uttar Pradesh
Contact: Dr. Arun Datt Sharma, Sec/Administrator

12. Pandit Deendayal Upadhyay Janmabhoomi Smarak Samiti, Deendayal Dham
Deendayal Dham
(Naglachandra Bhan)
Dist. Mathura - 281 122
(Amrut Kumbh of Service Streams)

13. Sewa Prakalp Sansthan, Rudrapur
Harimandir Marg,
P.O. Rudrapur
U.P. - 263 153
Contact: Lokman Singh
(Sewa International: )

14. Sewa Samarpan Sansthan, Kanpur
Veesa Munda Vanvasi Chhatravas
Ravatpur Gaon, Kanpur - 208 019
Contact: Suryaprakash Bhan
(Sewa International: )

IDRF Supported Projects in Himachal Pradesh

15. Himgiri Kalyan Ashram, Solan
Himgiri Kalyan Ashram
Balmukund Hospital
P.O. Solan
Himachal Pradesh - 173 212
Contact: Dr. Rajiv Bindal
(Vanvasi Kalyan Ashram address from Seva Disha)

16. Saraswathi Vidya Mandir, Shimla
Saraswathi Vidya Mandir
C5/19, Vikas Nagar
Shimla, Himachal Pradesh
Contact: Subash Sood
( Sewa International: )

IDRF Supported Projects in Bihar

17. Friends of Tribal Society, Calcutta
Friends of Tribal Society
52 Zakaria Street, Calcutta -700073
(Serving Bihar)
Contact: Bimal Lath, Gen. Secretary
(From Seva Disha )

18. Vanvasi Kalyan Ashram, Lahardaga
Vanvasi Kalyan Ashram
Ekalavya Nagar, Lahardaga
Bihar - 835 302
Contact: Mahrang Uranv
(Listed with the RSS)

19. Vikas Bharathi, Bishnupur
Vikas Bharathi
Bishnupur, Dist. Gumla
Bihar - 835 331
Contact: Ashok Bhagath
(Sewa International:

20. Birsa Seva Prakalpa, Hazaribagh
Birsa Seva Prakalpa
Mangal Bazar, Malviya Marg
Hazaribagh, Bihar
Contact: Hari Charan Sahu, Secretary
(Sewa International:

IDRF Supported Projects in Rajasthan

21. Bharathi (Sanskrit Only), Jaipur
Bharathi Bhawan
B-15 Vijay Khanna Nagar
Nai Basti
Jaipur - 302 001
(From Seva Disha: Head quarters of the RSS Seva Vibhag in Rajasthan)

22. Rajasthan Vanvasi Kalyan Parishad, Udaipur
1, Kamal Gali, Mamashah Marg
Udaipur - 1
Contact: Rameshwar Kumavat
(Sewa International: )

IDRF Supported Projects in Delhi

23. Sewa Bharathi
10196/A Jhandewala Temple Complex
New Delhi - 110 055
Contact: Vishnu Kumar, Organising Sec.
(From RSS: )

24. Vanvasi Kalyan Ashram
M-31, Malkaganj, Delhi - 110 007
Contact: Janardan Singh

IDRF Supported Projects in Bengal

25. Manav Seva Prathisthan, Calcutta
Manav Seva Prathisthan,
14, Princep Street,
Calcutta - 700 072
Contact: L.N. Todi, Managing Trustee

26. Poorvanchal Kalyan Ashram, Calcutta
Poorvanchal Kalyan Ashram,
161/1 Mahatma Gandhi Marg,
Calcutta - 700 007
Contact: Gajanan Vapat
(From Seva Disha : Regional HQ of VKA)

27. Vanabandhu Parishad, Calcutta
Vanabandhu Parishad
(Friends of Tribal Society)
52, Zakaria Street, Calcutta 700073
(From Seva Disha: )

28. Vastuhara Sahayata Samiti
Keshaw Bhawan
9A Abhedananda Street
Calcutta - 700 006, Bengal, India
(From Seva Disha: Regional Headquarters of RSS Seva Vibhag)

IDRF Supported Projects in Meghalaya

29. Kalyan Ashram, Shillong
Village Laitkor,
Shillong - 793 010
Contact: Dr.Vishwamitra
(Sewa Intl: )

IDRF Supported Projects in Assam

30. Sishu Shiksha Samiti Assam, Guwahati
Sishu Shiksha Samiti Assam
Keshav Dham
K.B. Road, Paltan Bazar
Guwahati - 781 008
(Seva Disha: Regional HQs of RSS Seva Vibhag)

31. Kalyan Ashram, Guwahati
Kalyan Ashram
Usan Bazar, B.C. Road
Gauhati - 1
Contact: Ramgopal Gupta
(Seva Disha: Regional HQs of VKA)

IDRF Supported Projects in Manipur

32. Kalyan Ashram Manipur
Kakching Manipur
NR. Model High School
Sumak Leikai Kkching
Manipur - 795 103
Contact: Tomal Singh
(Obviously related to VKAs?)

IDRF Supported Projects in Miscellaneous Regions

33. Janajati Vikas Samiti
Room No. 101, Majestic Apartments
Circular Road
Dimapur - 797 112
Contact: Ramesh Babu

IDRF Supported Projects in Gujarat

34. Shri Apang Parivar Kalyan Kendra, Bhavnagar
Swastik Society, Ambawadi, Bhavnagar
Gujarath - 364 001
Contact: Banessih Chauhan, President

35. Muni Seva Ashram, Goraj
Post Goraj, Dist. Vadodara
Gujarath - 391 765
Contact: Anuben G. Thakkar, President

36. Kutch Kalyan Sangh, Bhuj, Kutch
(Behind Santhosh Maa Mandir)
Bhuj, Kutch - 370 001

37. Sri Gujarat Vanvasi Kalyan Parishad, Ahmedabad
Sri Gujarat Vanvasi Kalyan Parishad
Shrilekha Bhawan
Paldi, Ahmedabad - 1
Contact: Nagarbahi Goswami
(Regional office of ABVP: )

IDRF Supported Projects in Madhya Pradesh

38. Akhil Bharatiya Vanavasi Kalyan Ashram, Jashpur Nagar
Jashpur Nagar, Dist. Raigarh
Madhya Pradesh - 496 331
(Serving whole INDIA)
Contact: R.K. Deshpande
Kripa Prasdji
(Obvious: listed with the RSS)

39. Akhil Bharatiya Vanavasi Kalyan Ashram, Ranchi
Old Commissioner Comp.
Ranchi - 834 001
Contact: Pranay Dutt

40. Bharatiya Kushta Nivaran Sangh, Sonapara
Shri Pardeep Kumar Sao Bhavan
Sonapara, P.O. Champa
District Bilaspur - 495 671
Contact: Pardeep Kumar Sao
(Sewa intl: )

41. Vanvasi Vikas Parishad, Bhopal
Maharana Pratap Nagar
Gayathri Mandir
Bhopal - 462 011
Contact: Balram Malviya
( Sewa Intl: )

42. Vanvasi Vikas Parishad, Jabalpur
955/5 Right Town, Madan Das Road
Jabalpur - 482 002
Contact: Maniram Pal
(Sewa Intl: )

43. Vanvasi Vikas Samiti, Raipur
Opp. Panchvati Rohinipuram
Raipur - 492 010
Contact: Nishikant Joshi
(Sewa Intl: )

IDRF Supported Projects in Orissa

44. Akhil Bharatiya Vanvasi Kalyan Ashram, Bhubaneswar
Post Box No. 2
Contact: Ghanshyam Pradhan

45. Sookruti (One Teacher School), Bhubaneswar
218, Kharvel Nagar, Unit - 3,
Bhubaneshwar – 751001
(Linked to One Teacher School, according to IDRF)

IDRF Supported Projects in Maharashtra

46. Devi Ahilyabai Smarak Samithi, Nagpur
Devi Ahilya Mandir, Dhantoli
Nagpur, Maharashtra - 440 012
Contact: Leela Deshpande, Secry
(Sewa International: )

47. Gopal Navjeevan Kendra, Pune
C/O Padmakar Vasudev Chandekar
166 Kasba Peth, Poona
Maharashtra - 411 011
Contact: P.V. Chandekar, Secry
(Sewa Intl: )

48. Vatsalya Trust, Bhandup
C/32, II-Floor
Shree Vijaya Kunj Coop Housing Society
Kanjur Village, Bhandup
Mumbai - 400 042
Contact: G.A. Damle, Secretary

49. Dr. Hedgewar Raktapedi, Nagpur
2, Sitaram Smrithi
Paschim Uch Niyayalya Marg
Nagpur - 440 010
(Sewa International: )

50. Vanavasi Kalyan Ashram, Dadra & Nagar Haveli
18, Housing Society
Near Swami Narayan Mandir
Silvassa - 396 230
Dadra & Nagar Haveli

51. Swami Vivekananda Medical Mission, Nagpur
2, Central Bazar Road
Ramdas Peth
Nagpur - 440 010
(Sewa International: )

52. Vanvasi Kalyan Ashram, Nagpur
8, Hindu Dharm Sanskriti Mandir
Dhantoli, Nagpur - 440 012
Contact: Ramesh Padhye

53. Vanvasi Kalyan Ashram, Nasik
15, College Road
Krishi Nagar, Nasik - 422 005
Contact: Suresh Kulkarni

54. Vanvasi Kalyan Ashram, Andamans
Post Box 244, Port Blair
Andamans - 744 101
Contact: Radha Krishnan

55. Vivekanand Medical Foundation, Latur
Janakalyan Samiti
Contact: Dr. Ashok Kukade
(Sewa International: )

56. Janakalyan Samiti, Pune
Moti Bag, Shanivar Pet
(Seva Disha: Regional HQ of the RSS Seva Vibhag)

57. Krantiveer Chapekar Smarak Samiti, Pune
Kra. Chapekar Sadan, Chinchwad Gao
Pune 411033

58. Late Mohan Thuse Eye Hospital, Narayangaon
Narayangaon 410504
Tal. Junner, Dist. Pune, India
Contact: Dr. M.K.Dole

IDRF Supported Projects in Andhra Pradesh

59. Vatsalya Sindhu, Hyderabad
Vatsalya Sindhu (Orphanage Centre for Boys)
24-143/1, Anandbagh
Hyderabad - 500 047
(Sewa International: )

60. Vaidehi, Hyderabad
Vaidehi (Orphanage Centre for Girls)
Shri Saraswati Shishu Mandir
Madhav Nagar
Saidabad, Hyderabad - 500 659
(Sewa International: )

61. Vanvasi Kalyan Ashram, Hyderabad
Keshav Nilayam,
Barkatpura, Hyderabad - 500 027
At&Po Mattam
Hukumpet Mandal
Dist. Vishakha Patnam
Andhra Pradesh - 531 077
Contact: K. Parsuram

IDRF Supported Projects in Karnataka

62. Seva-in-Action, Bangalore
2487, 25th Cross, 17th Main
Banashankari II Stage
Bangalore - 560 070
Contact: Indumathi Rao, Proj. Director
(Sewa International: )

63. Vanvasi Kalyan, Sirsi
Sanghe Dham, Banvasi Road
P.O. Sirsi
District Uttar Kannada
Karnataka - 581 401
Contact: Prakash Kamath

64. Swami Vivekanand Seva Pratisthan, Belgum
2032, Kore Galli,
Shahaput, Belgum-3
Karnatak, India
Contact: Prakash Kamath

IDRF Supported Projects in Kerala

65. Kerala Vanvasi Vikas Kendram, Calicut
Payyadimathal, P.O. Pantheerankavu
Calicut - 673 019
Contact: Naresh Kumar

IDRF Supported Projects in Tamil Nadu

66. Swami Vivekananda Rural Dev. Society, Madras
43 Ramanujam Street, T. Nagar
Madras - 600017
Tamil Nadu
Contact: S. Vedanthan, Exe. Secretary
(Sewa International: )

67. Vanvasi Sewa Kendram, Karumathurai
P.O. Karumathurai, Taluka - Attur
Dist. Salem, Tamilnadu - 636 138
(Sewa International: )



78. In a report to the IDRF, SVRDS states that it conducted competitions for Krishna Jayanthi (a Hindu Festival) in which the school children participated enthusiastically. It should be kept in mind that these tribals do not consider themselves Hindu, nor do they usually observe Krishna Jayanthi.

79. It is listed as a Sangh organization in Amrut-Kumbha of Service Streams, Ekta Prakashan, Pune according to an article, Winds of Change, by Anosh Malekar, The Week, Feb 20, 2000




83. The funding by the IDRF of the various organizations can be learnt from its various Annual Reports at its website. EVFI’s website, lists the trustees of Ekal Vidyalay Foundation, including BK Modi.

84. Religious Regeneration: The Only Solution to Various National Problems, by Mohan Joshi, Joint Secretary of the VHP

85. VHP stepping up its drive to Hinduise tribal belts of Bihar, Ashish Sinha, Hindustan Times, July 29, 2000

86. VHP plans to outdo missionaries on their turf, Tanvir Siddiqui, Indian Express, February 1, 1999

87. The VHP lists Hindu Seva Pratishthana as its organization in the field of education. . For Jana Seva Vidya Kendra, see under part (a) above.


89. A quick search through various Yoga Bharati fliers announcing training camps and events reveals its connections with sVYASA. (Yoga Bharati raising money for sVYASA) --David Frawley’s lecture, --report of a camp organized by Yoga Bharati

90. Listed as such in Amrut Kumbha of Service Streams, Ekta Prakashan, Pune, quoted in the article, Wings of Change, Anosh Malekar, The Week, Feb 20, 2000

91. See report filed on the HSS site of an HSS training camp held in Los Angeles in July 2002, Hindu Youth Training Camp Commended Another report of an RSS training camp for NRIs—NRIs flock to RSS camps to become Global Hindus, Johnson T A, August 11, 2002



94. For example, see for an example of Sanskrit Bharati participating in an HSS function, for a report of its participation in a camp organized by Yoga Bharati



97. VHP lawyer appointed Jharkhand Governor, The Hindu, July 7th, 2002


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